Health Frequently Asked Question

 

  • 1. I wash my face several times a day. Why do I still get acne?
    • Many people still believe that acne is caused by dirty skin. The truth is, washing alone will not clear up or prevent acne. Washing does, however, help remove excess surface oils and dead skin cells. Many people use all kinds of products, including alcohol-based cleansers, and scrub vigorously, only to irritate the skin further and worsen their acne. Washing the skin twice a day gently with water and a mild soap is usually all that is required. However, acne is actually caused by a variety of biologic factors that are beyond the control of washing. For that reason, you should use appropriate acne treatments for the acne.
  • 2. What role does diet play in acne?
    • Acne is not caused by food. Following a strict diet will not, clear your skin. While some people feel that their acne is aggravated by certain foods, particularly chocolate, colas, peanuts, shellfish and some fatty foods, there is no scientific evidence that suggests food causes or influences acne. Avoid any foods which seem to worsen your acne and, for your overall health, eat a balanced diet--but diet shouldn't really matter if the acne is being appropriately treated.
  • 3. What kind of cosmetics and cleansers can an acne patient use?
    • Many people still believe that acne is caused by dirty skin. The truth is, washing alone will not clear up or prevent acne. Washing does, however, help remove excess surface oils and dead skin cells. Many people use all kinds of products, including alcohol-based cleansers, and scrub vigorously, only to irritate the skin further and worsen their acne. Washing the skin twice a day gently with water and a mild soap is usually all that is required. However, acne is actually caused by a variety of biologic factors that are beyond the control of washing. For that reason, you should use appropriate acne treatments for the acne.
  • 4. How long before I see a visible result from using my acne medication?
    • The time for improvement depends upon the product being used, but in almost all cases it is more a matter of weeks or months instead of days. Most dermatologists would recommend the use of a medication or combination of medications daily for 4 to 8 weeks before they would change the treatment. It is very important for patients to be aware of this time frame so they do not become discouraged and discontinue their medications. Conversely, if you see no change whatsoever, you might want to check with your dermatologist regarding the need to change treatments.
  • 5. My skin is burning and/or red after I apply the benzoyl peroxide. Is that normal?
    • I experience a very tolerable low level of what one might describe as "burning". Many people who begin The Regimen report redness for the first couple of weeks, after which time the redness subsides. If you start The Regimen too quickly and you have sensitive skin, you should expect redness/dryness, sometimes severe. If you are new to benzoyl peroxide, it is a good idea to use just a light coating of benzoyl peroxide at first, and up the dosage over a period of a couple of weeks. According to the Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine:1 "The most common side effects of anti-acne drugs applied to the skin are slight redness, dryness, peeling, and stinging, and a warm feeling to the skin. These problems usually go away as the body adjusts to the drug and do not require medical treatment. Other side effects should be brought to a physician's attention. Check with a physician as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:

      Blistering, crusting or swelling of the skin.
      Severe burning or redness of the skin.
      Darkening or lightening of the skin. (This effect will eventually go away after treatment with an anti-acne drug ends.)
      Skin rash.
  • 6. Can my child outgrow allergic rhinitis?
    • Some people may become desensitized to the allergens and outgrow the condition with time. However, not everyone would be able to do that. It is best to avoid the known allergens and use appropriate medications to reduce and control the symptoms.
  • 7. There are many side effects from steroids. Would steroid nasal sprays be harmful for my child?
    • Many studies have shown that intra-nasal steroids cause minimal side effects compared to oral steroids. Steroid nasal sprays are generally safe, well tolerated and highly effective.
  • 8. What is the best antihistamine for allergic rhinitis?
    • Selection of antihistamines is mainly individualized as it is based on the person's response to the drug and the side effects of the drug on the person.
  • 9. I heard that chocolate relieves PMS. Is that true?
    • During PMS, an amino acid tryptophan is found to be lower in our body. Chocolate, being rich in carbohydrate and tryptophan, has been found to relieve PMS.
  • 10. What is the dosage of paracetamol and how often should I take the medicine?
    • For adult in general, the dosage of paracetamol will be 2 tablets of 500mg every 6 hourly. For children, paracetamol will be dose according to the child's weight with 15mg/kg every 6 hourly. For example, for a child with body weight of 20kg, the dosage needed will be 300mg (ie, 15 x 20) every 6 hourly. Depends on the formulation or concentration of the syrup or chewable tablet, different amount of medicine will be given. So, for the same 20kg child, 6ml of paracetamol syrup with concentration of 250mg/5ml can be given every 6 hourly. Do consult our friendly pharmacist for exact dosage if you need assistant in calculation of dosage.
  • 11. There so many different brand and types of fever patches available in the market, how do I know which one is the best for me?
    • Basically, they all serve the same function but they are just formulated according to the size for different age group.
  • 12. How often do I need to measure my body temperature if I am on fever?
    • Good practice will be measuring body temperature using the same thermometer two to three times a day during fever.
  • 13. Can I repeat the dose of diphenhydramine if I do not fall asleep within 2 hours?
    • No. Repeating the dose increases the risk of side effects, and likely will not improve sleep.
  • 14. Would herbs help help in chronic insomnia?
    • No. Chronic insomnia may cause by multiple complicating factor. It is important to identify the factors and treat them accordingly.
  • 15. What is the maximum day to use diphenhydramine?
    • Always use sleeping aids in combination with positive sleep hygiene. Never take dyphenhydramine nightly for longer than 10 days without seeking medical attentions.
  • 16. When to Replace Metered Dose Inhalers?
    • Controller medications: Calculate when will use up labelled number of doses based on daily dose. Reliever medications: Keep a count of number of inhalations used.
  • 17. Can asthma be cured?
    • There is no cure for asthma, but it can be controlled with medical treatment, education, and allergen avoidance.
  • 18. What are the benefits of using a spacer?
    • Helps you to breathe at your own pace.
      Allows more medicine to reach your lungs.
      Prevents medicine from escaping into the air.
  • 19. Why can’t Gaviscon&read; tablets be swallowed or dissolved either by sucking on them or dissolving them?
    • The tablets need to be chewed for the foam barrier mechanism to effectively and promptly begin working. Sucking on the tablets won't allow the foam barrier to form all at once potentially reducing the product's strength. Also, the tablets are somewhat large and are not design to be swallowed whole.
  • 20. What is the maximum amount of famotidine, cimetidine and ranitidine that can be purchased from a pharmacy without a prescription?
    • Famotidine: 14 tablets (2 weeks’ supply)
      Cimetidine: 14 tablets (2 weeks’ supply)
      Ranitidine: 28 tablets (2 weeks’ supply)
  • 21. What do SPF stands for?
    • SPF stands for Sun Protection Factor which provides guidance on the degree of protection against UVB. It indicates the multiple protections provided against burning compared with unprotected skin. E.g.: an SPF of 10 should enable a person to remain 10 times longer in the sun without burning.
  • 22. Can I rupture a blister formed after burned?
    • Avoid rupture a blister formed as a result of burn as this may increase the chance of getting infection.
  • 23. What should I use to stop bleeding of a fresh wound?
    • Apply compression to the wound by using a clean, thick cloth or gauze. How long you should apply onto it depends to the size of the wound. If the bleeding cannot be stopped for a while, you should consult medical advice immediately.
  • 24. Will it cause any harm to our body if swallowed fluoridated toothpaste?
    • Fluoride is toxic in excessive doses. Hence, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) of the United States requires parents to monitor the use of fluoridated toothpaste in children under age of 6 and does not allow use for those under the age of 2 at all.
  • 25. Why should I use toothpastes with fluoride?
    • Fluoride decreases the risk of formation of cavities by three methods:

      Reducing the solubility of dental enamel, making it more acid resistant.
      Enhancing the remineralisation of dental enamel.
      Interfering in the growth and function of dental plaque bacteria
  • 26. What will happen if gingivitis is ignored?
    • Gingivitis is reversible in many cases. When gum damage is not stopped or reversed, it will lead to periodontitis, which is not reversible. Periodontitis is the inflammation of the periodontium, i.e., the tissues that surround and support the teeth. Destruction of the periodontium can lead to the loosening and subsequent loss of teeth
  • 27. What are some of the foods that can cause bad breath?
    • Examples: onions, garlic, meat, fish, cheese, cabbage and alcohol
  • 28. What products can I use to eliminate bad breath?
    • There are a number of mouthwashes sold over-the-counter that claim to eliminate bad breath. However, many of these mouthwashes generally provide only a temporary way to mask unpleasant mouth odour. There are, however, several antiseptic mouth-rinse products available that instead of simply masking breath odour kill the germs that cause bad breath. Ask your dentist about which product is best for you.
  • 29. Why I always have recurrent skin fungal infections?
    • The recurrent of skin fungal infections may have a close relationship with the hygiene and the skin condition. To prevent spreading, use a different towel to dry the affected skin area. Launder the contaminated towel or clothing in hot water to prevent spreading of the infection. Cleanse the skin daily with soap and water. For athlete’s foot condition, allow the skin area to dry thoroughly before wear any clothes. If possible, wear the clothing or shoes that have an optimal air circulation. Besides, some recurrent of skin fungal infection may due to the way the user apply the cream. If antifungal cream is used before, make sure that the cream is continued applied after visible rash has cleared.