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What are Genital Warts?

What are Genital Warts?

Genital Warts -- advisory by Tran Anh Nhi, Guardian Pharmacist

What are genital warts?
Genital warts are among the most common sexually transmitted infections. It is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). While there are many strains of HPV, most of the strains do not cause any problems. Only some strains lead to warts on the body. HPV type 6 and type 11 are most commonly associated with genital warts.

How do warts spread?
Genital warts are contagious. It is spread through sexual contact via various body parts. The virus can be spread even if the infected person does not display any symptoms.

What do genital warts look like?
Not everyone infected with HPV develops symptoms as it can be cleared by the body’s own immune system. Symptoms of genital warts include the presence of painless and flat warts, or a painful cauliflower-like cluster of warts at the genital areas or mouth. Sometimes, there may be bleeding during intercourse.

How can warts be prevented?
Using condoms with every sexual encounter can greatly reduce the risk of genital warts. Vaccines to protect against certain strains of HPV that cause genital warts are available.

How should genital warts be managed?
Self-treatment of genital warts is not recommended. Prompt consultation with a doctor is necessary

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